This disorder is a discomforting and chronic pain of vulva which lasts for more then three months without any gynecological cause or other skin problem. This disorder can cause burning, stinging, rawness or irritation of vulva. The most typical problem as complained is sensation of burning.
Among some women discomfort is experienced around entire area, which is pain and certain effects over some parts of vulva like clitoris and vestibule. The symptoms might be constant or inconstant. The pain can be sensed while non-sexual or sexual contact.
Following are the two types of this disease:
- Generalized Vulvodynia
- Vulvar Vestibulitis
Estimates have shown that almost fourteen million people are suffering from this disorder or may suffer from it at certain point of their lives. The disease most of the time goes undiagnosed and untreated.
The reason for this disease has not till be known completely. The virus causing this disease is said to b HPV or some other STDs, cancer or disorders of neurological nature. Following factors are said to contribute to this disease:
- damage or irritation to pelvic nerves
- muscle spasm or weakness around pelvic organs
- an abnormal response to the cells of vulva
- changes of hormones
- genetic factors
- yeast infections
- increased amount of oxalates in urine
- use of antibiotics, frequently
- laser treatment or surgery around vagina
This disease may result in distress of sexual, physical and psychological nature. Women suffering from this disorder have reported difficulty with exercising, intimating and being involved with daily routine. Sitting for longer periods can also trigger pain around this area.
This disorder being chronic can lead to lowered self-esteem, depression, anxiety and reduced life quality; the pain severity can be worsened with stress, anxiety and depression.