A disabling and chronic disease of central nervous system is known as Multiple Sclerosis. Almost four million people around United States are suffering from this disorder. Women are suffering three times more then as men. This disease has been reported to be more common with Caucasians as compared to any other race. Every passing week, almost two hundred new cases for MS are diagnosed around America.
The exact cause for multiple sclerosis is not known until now. However, researchers are of the view that this disease is result of abnormality with immune system.futher it is said that this abnormal response is result of some virus but it is not likely that any single virus be the cause for this disease. This disease is not inherited so it is likely that gene defect be responsible for this disorder. Other factors contributing to this disease are the environmental triggers, heavy metals consumption or trauma.
This disease is categorized under autoimmune disease group however causes are unknown. This disease is said to attack myelin and destroying it. The immune system attacks invading bacteria and virus while in autoimmune disease the immune system attacks body itself, mistakenly.
This disease generally attacks the body in shape of exacerbation. This keeps the effect for twenty-four hours and in worsens condition. The symptoms can even last for weeks or months.
The disease generally starts with some mild symptoms, which disappears in almost a day or sometimes in a week. The mild symptoms are weakness of temporary nature, pain or tingling in limb, double vision or blurred vision, disturbance of memory and ataxia are other symptoms for this disease.
The appearance of the symptoms and their severity varies greatly. This variation depends upon the areas of CNS where the disease has attacked. Some people come up with minor disorders while other has severe symptoms for this disorder. This disease has also been observed to disable patients completely. The body functions that are affected by this disease are:
- Bladder and Bowel Control
- Swallowing and Speech
- Cognitive Functions