Not a disease rather clustering of health markers is named as “Metabolic Syndrome”. There are a number of definitions as are associated with the metabolic syndrome diagnosis but in U.S there is defined criteria for diagnosis as put forward by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institutes and the American Heart Association.
According to this set criteria a person to be diagnosed to have this syndrome must have at least three out of fiver markers clustered.
- The measurement of the waist needs to be more than thirty-five inches among women and 40 among men.
- The level of glucose must be higher than 110 mg/dL or the person to be diagnosed must also be on higher-level glucose medications.
- The level of triglycerides, a form of fat, must be above than 150 mg/dL
- The good cholesterol levels must be below 50 mg/dL in women and below 40 mg/dL in men or the person to be diagnosed must be on medication for increased levels of HDL.
- The blood pressure must be above or at 130 mm Hg systolic and 85 mm Hg diastolic or the person to be diagnosed must be on medication for the treatment of high blood pressure.
According to estimates there are more than one third of Americans have metabolic syndrome. However, most of them are not aware about this syndrome being with them. Metabolic syndrome is somewhat dangerous, as it has rooted a number of disorders with it especially heart diseases and diabetes. The rate for this syndrome is almost equal among both genders but women with polycystic Ovarian Syndrome are eleven times more vulnerable to metabolic syndrome.
Age is a factor, which increase the vulnerability to develop this syndrome. This syndrome is more common with people aging sixty and more. Studies do not support the fact if there is any link with the syndrome or menopause.
The three major factors other than age are:
- Over weight and obesity
- Lack of exercise
Race is another factor increasing vulnerability for syndrome development. In case you belong from Hispanic or south Asian then you are more likely for developing metabolic syndrome.
This syndrome however, can also be a side effect for some drugs like corticosteroids, antipsychotic, antihistamines, antidepressants and protease inhibitors.