Lupus is an unceasing provocative disease that crop up when your immune system assaults your own tissues and organs if you have lupus the immune system goes into overdrive and can’t tell the difference between some of the body’s normal, healthy cells and germs that can cause infection. So the immune system responds by making auto antibodies that attack the body’s normal cells. This can damage your joints, skin, blood vessels and organs.
Anyone can get lupus, but women are most at risk. Lupus is also more common in African American, Hispanic, Asian and Native American women. The cause of lupus is not known. Lupus occur more frequently in women than it does in men, four types of lupus exist systemic lupus erythematosus, discoid lupus erythematosus, drug-induced lupus erythematosus and neonatal lupus. Of these, systemic lupus erythematosus is the most common and serious form of lupus. There is no one test to diagnose lupus, and it may take months or years to make the diagnosis.
There is no cure for lupus, but medicines. The outlook for people with lupus was once grim, but diagnosis and treatment of lupus has improved considerably. With treatment, most people with lupus can lead active lives. Causes of lupus are unknown but researchers think that some people may be more likely to get it due to things that are out of their control, like gender, estrogen, race/ethnicity, family history/genetics, major stress or infection
Each person with lupus has slightly different symptoms that can range from mild to severe and may come and go over time. However, some of the most common symptoms of lupus include painful or swollen joints, unexplained fever, and extreme fatigue. A characteristic red skin rash may appear across the nose and cheeks. Rashes may also occur on the face and ears, upper arms, shoulders, chest, and hands. Because many people with lupus are sensitive to sunlight skin rashes often first develop or worsen after sun exposure.
Treatment someone gets often depends on how severe the lupus is and which body systems are affected. Almost all people with SLE take some kind of medicine to help control their lupus. Patients whose joints hurt often take acetaminophen or ibuprofen to help with the pain. Others take ant malarial drugs as it has also been found to help treat lupus. Ant malarial drugs often help treat skin rashes and joint pain. Some rheumatologists prescribe anti-inflammatory steroids, medicines that help fight the fatigue and fever that can affect people with SLE. People with lupus that affects important body organs may be given other immunosuppressive drugs. These drugs help stop the immune system from producing the auto antibodies that destroy healthy cells. These drugs are very strong, though, and can have side effects. So they are used only when it’s really necessary.
Apart of managing lupus, more important is to control the symptoms and preventing flares. A flare is a period of time when the disease gets worse. During a flare, a person feels much more tired, sick, feverish, and achy than usual, and it can also harm important body organs.