AIDS that is Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome being little briefer to comprehend the terms Acquired means you can get contaminated with it; Immune Deficiency means a fault in the body’s system that fights diseases, Syndrome means a group of health problems that make up a disease.
AIDS do originate by a virus called HIV, the Human Immunodeficiency Virus. If you get infected with HIV, body will try to fight the infection. For that purpose, it makes “antibodies,” special molecules to fight HIV.
A blood test for HIV looks for these antibodies. If you have them in your blood, it means that you have HIV infection. People who have the HIV antibodies are called “HIV-Positive.”
Being HIV-positive, or having HIV disease, is not the same as having AIDS. Many people are HIV-positive but do not get sick for many years. As HIV disease continues, it slowly wears down the immune system. Viruses, parasites, fungi and bacteria that usually do not cause any problems can make you very sick if your immune system is damaged. These are called “opportunistic infections.”
This gradually reduces the efficiency of the immune system and departs entities vulnerable to opportunistic diseases and tumors. HIV passed on throughout direct contact of a mucous membrane or the bloodstream with a bodily fluid containing HIV, such as blood, semen, vaginal fluid, pre seminal fluid, and breast milk. This diffusion can involve vaginal .anal, oral sex, blood transfusion, childbirth, swap between mother and baby for the duration of pregnancy, or breastfeeding, or maybe contact to one of the mentioned physical fluids.
You do not actually “obtain” AIDS. You might get infected with HIV, and later you might develop AIDS. You can get infected with HIV from anyone who is infected, even if they do not look sick and even if they have not tested HIV-positive yet. The blood, vaginal fluid, semen, and breast milk of people infected with HIV has enough of the virus in it to infect other people. Most people get the HIV virus by having sex with an infected person sharing a needle with someone who has infected being born when their mother is infected, or drinking the breast milk of an infected woman
There is no treatment for AIDS. There are drugs that can slow down the HIV virus, and slow down the damage to your immune system. There is no way to “clear” the HIV out of your body. Other drugs can prevent or treat opportunistic infections. In most cases, these drugs work very well. The newer, stronger ARVs have also helped reduce the rates of most OIs. A few OIs, however, are still very difficult to treat.