Sadness and other such feelings are natural with the losses and setbacks of life. It also happens that most of time feeling of sadness and unhappiness engulf you for short periods, with out any reason, this also is normal. However, there is an abnormal condition when you do not have sadness and unhappiness for small periods rather they remain their persistently. This persistence can be a symptom for depression.
Regardless of age, class, race and gender depression can build up with any one. It has been evaluated that more then nineteen million Americans are suffering from depression annually. More it has also been found out that every fifth woman in America has build up of clinical depression.
The factors that contribute to the depression can be a complex mixture of social, cultural, environmental, hormonal, psychological and physiological nature. Depression is said to affect both physical and mental state. Depression can cause symptoms like:
- feelings of despair, helplessness and hopelessness
- lost interest in activities that once were fun
- changes experienced in appetite
- changes regarding weight and patterns of sleep
- problems concentrating
- suicide attempts or death
It has been observed that depression may come alone or with the combination of some chronic illness. Studies are suggestive that depression can be a chief risk factor for the development of osteoporosis. Further, it has been found that chronic pain can also be a causative to this disorder.
This disorder however, is chronic and life staking but still it is curable. Treatment of this disorder can be done if diagnosed and studies have revealed the fact that only one out of five patients seeks help. Among numerous reasons, one reason for not seeking help for the treatment of this disease is not knowing adequately about it and confusions.
Depression is a disorder, which comes from the class of mood disorders. Following are the primary types of depression.
- Major depression: this sort of depression interferes with every aspect of life resulting in disturbed activities.
- Dysthymia: is a chronically low-grade depression. This usually is marked with low energy and pessimism.
- Double Depression: this is the combination of Dysthymia and Major depression making depression episode more severe and gloomy.
- Postpartum Depression: this depression is commonly known as “baby blues” and women suffer from it after childbirth. This is short-lived kind of depression but can be severe.
- Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder: this is a severe sort of depressive disorder and can start before 14 days of menstrual cycle initiation.
- Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD): this is commonly known as winter depression and almost ten to twenty percent of Americans are suffering from it.
- Manic-Depressive illness or Bipolar disorder: this is a form of depression, which is not that prevalent but is marked with intense episodes of despair and elation with mood swings.